WHAT IS SINUSITIS?
Sinusitis, also known as rhinosinusitis, is an inflammation of the tissue that line the sinuses. This common condition affects more than 29 million people each year.
WHAT CAUSES SINUSITIS?
Normally the sinuses are filled with air. When they become blocked, pathogens including bacteria, viruses ,and fungi can grow. As a result, this can cause an infection. There are several potential triggers including:
- structural issues such as narrowed drainage anatomy
- the common cold and other viral respiratory illnesses
- environmental irritants
- nasal polyps
DO YOU HAVE SINUSITIS?
Sinusitis can either be chronic or acute depending on the duration of the symptoms. Chronic sinusitis is when symptoms persist for more than 12 weeks despite appropriate treatment. Chronic sinusitis (or chronic rhinosinusitis) is a condition in which the mucous membrane of the sinuses around the nose (paranasal sinuses) become inflamed causing an obstruction of the natural drainage passages of the sinuses. This results in fluid retention within the paranasal sinuses, persistent infection, and a variety of symptoms.
Patients who have frequent episodes of recurrent sinusitis during which symptoms may last less than 3 weeks are categorized as having recurrent acute sinusitis. Typically, this is defined as having 4 or more episodes of sinus infection over 12 month period.
Symptoms associated with sinus infections are often similar to those of allergies or a cold. For example, these can include:
- nasal congestion
- discolored nasal discharge
- pain around the eyes, forehead and cheeks
- runny nose or post nasal drainage
- headahes, dental pain, or even ear pain may occurr
- decrease in smell
- Sinusitis may exacerbate or worsen symptoms of asthma, bronchitis, and allergic rhinitis.
WHAT ARE THE TREATMENT OPTIONS?
Medical treatment consists of antibiotics and other medications to decrease inflammation and swelling of the sinus passages. These medications may include:
- saline irrigations
- intranasal steroid sprays
- oral steroids
When medical treatment is not enough to treat the sinusitis episodes, a procedure may be indicated. At Nevada Sinus Relief, Dr. Sikand tailors your treatment to your specific pattern of sinusitis and diagnostic testing results such as nasal endoscopy and CT scan imagingIn-House CT Scanning. The goal in all cases is to relieve sinus obstruction and restore the sinuses to a healthy state.